최종 수정일: 2020년 1월 7일
Crisis in the livestock industry The scale of the livestock industry is increasing globally day by day. The same goes for Korea. Giant farm caused the increase of the livestock disease and it caused antibiotics abusement. Moreover, the entry of the companies into the livestock industry and cheaper imported livestock products’ influx intensifies the competition in the livestock industry. Large-scale epidemics from the factory farms also make the livestock industry not sustainable. In fact, giant farms are the symbol of modern livestock industry and they leaded the livestock industry’s development. However, they brought several problems at the same time.
No one would like livestock epidemics such as foot-and-mouth disease or AI and related mass cull. We could guess that people don’t like stock raising by the giant factories through the fact that the film like'Ok-ja' is popular. Ms. Lee from 3R Animal Welfare R&D Center in Konkuk University emphasizes that “Removing all the cages and stalls are impossible. However, we need to think about reasonable and realizable animal welfare.” The animal protection law from Korea describes five animal’s freedom. They are like below.
Recently, ‘One Welfare’ concept has been drawing attention regarding animal welfare. It means welfare for human and animals needs to be considered together. For the welfare at the farm, the farms need to have the financial means. Animal welfare and the farm’s profit are not conflicting concept. One Welfare shows that farms need to be protected when they fully follow five obligations. Korean government has been implementing animal welfare certificate system based on the animal’s five freedom since 2012. It started from layer chicken and now it is upto cow, pig, chicken, duck, goat and more. Until now, October 2019, 245 farms have the certificate. In order for this certificate to be implemented correctly, there needs to be proper financial support. According to the financial support program report about animal welfare by Chungnam National University in 2014, animal welfare farm spent USD 60 per entity. Therefore, related law is under discussion. That is why there are various financial support from the government for smart farming programs. Ms. Moon from ‘Animal and Plant Quarantine agency’ says that ‘we’re planning to increase the number of the animal welfare farms upto 8% until 2020. Then, while maintaining 8%, we will focus on upgrading overall farm’s animal welfare standard.” She also said that “Nowadays, farms are aging. If we want to shift the paradigm of the stock raising, the answer is ‘animal welfare’.” For the moment, people know about animal welfare. However, compared to its importance, proper budget or organization from the government is not enough. In order for sincere animal welfare and sustainable stock raising, we, general public, government and farms need to endeavor all together.